Which of the following are effects of sodium bicarbonate in the treatment of cardiac arrest?:
a) Generates CO2 which diffuses intracellularly.
b) Normalises pH with a positive inotropic effect on myocardium.
c) Improves circulation in swollen brain due to its osmotically – active sodium load.
d) Produces a shift to the right in the oxygen dissociation curve, facilitating the release of oxygen to the tissues.